How Ferdinand Magellan went to the glory? Global cruise and its results of
Through pass is passed through the continent, but Magellan did not calm down. To return meant to give everything that it opened, into strange hands, in exchange without having received anything. He solved in that that began to reach «islands of spices». Also reached. But exactly there it was waited by death. It was lost in fight with natives, having overestimated the forces. During swimming he made so many opening that would suffice on a great number of people.
Fernan Magellan’s last fight what it was imagined by the artist the Source
Historians argue that many years Ferdinand Magellan was the unique captain who has passed from Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean without loss. It so, short of that in a way one of the ships – "San Antonio" disappeared. Having convinced that expectation is senseless, Magellan continued a way. He could not learn that happened with the gone vessel, and only those to whom has the luck to return to Spain, understood this history and put in it an end.
The part of Spanish captains of the ships entering into a squadron of Magellan, tried to carry out revolution and to dethrone the hated Portuguese. The route developed by it, was stored in strict secret, but it was clear that all are expected ahead by money and glory. Careful Magellan managed to prevent some attempts of mutiny. One of them ended with execution of the head of plot and disembarkation to the coast of his next assistants. On all vessels Magellan’s supporters were appointed captains.
It would seem, all – dangers behind. However when passing passage the squadron came across a fork, and Magellan decided to direct two vessels – "Concepcion" and "San Antonio" – on investigation. "Concepcion" returned with the message that further a way is not present, and "San Antonio" was gone.
By the ship there was a revolution, the helmsman of "San Antonio" Esteban Gomes, the Portuguese who has moved, as well as Magellan, to Spain, lifted mutiny, chained captain Mishkita in a chain, developed the ship and went to Spain. There he accused Magellan of change, but the careful monarch, suspecting desertion, just in case put in prison all team which let out after return of the main expedition home, that is in long three years.
Gomes’s destiny is curious. After it released from the prison, the king charged to it … to find other pass through the American continent, this time the northwest. In September, 1524 it sailed to east coast of North America. Heavy ices did not allow Gomes to break through on the West, but within several years it reconnoitered and put a huge piece of east coast of North America on cards. Thus, it too made the contribution to history of Great geographical opening.
There are two questions. The first: what induced Gomes to desert? And the second: why the king of Spain entrusted it one more ship for further swimmings?
When it became clear that the passage is found, Magellan called officers on meeting where Gomes declared that the purpose of swimming is reached and continuation of travel is disastrous for all as the food almost did not remain. He suggested to return to Spain, to report on the made opening, to repair vessels, to fill up team and again to go to swimming. Magellan rejected his offer, but Gomes decided to return one, having exposed Magellan the traitor, and the hero. Number did not pass. Well, and motives of the king too are obvious. Did not suffice skilled мореходов as there was a development and colonization of Caribbean countries. Gomes proved as the skilled captain, returned to Spain though could go to Lisbon and there zadory sell this history.
Let’s return to Magellan’s swimming. Having left the passage, the thinned flotilla within 4 months crossed the Pacific Ocean. They were lucky, after all all this time the ocean was quiet. To provisions on vessels practically did not remain, seamen started to die of hunger. Magellan aspired to reach Islands of Spices as then called the Moluccas, but, being afraid of a meeting with Portuguese, took to the north therefore in the beginning opened the island Guam from group of the Mariana Islands where travelers it is a little отъелись, and then the Philippine Islands which Magellan called Sacred Lazar’s Islands. Being afraid of skirmishes with natives, seafarers found the desert island Homonkh and arranged there infirmary. On fresh water and food patients quickly gathered forces, and the ships went to swimming between islands. On one of them there were the people speaking in the native language of slave Magellan Enrique which that bought during a siege of Malacca.
Thus, Enrique became the first person who has rounded the earth: in the beginning from present Indonesia it floated on the West to the Iberian Peninsula, and then in some years continued movement on the West, having reached native places.
On April 7, 1521 expedition reached the island of Cebu, it were already quite civilized places, and seamen started to trade, exchanging a glass beads and iron knifes for products from silver and gold. Magellan christened the lord of the island and all its family, having promised that will bring the population of the next islands into its submission. One of leaders opposed Magellan’s proposal to pass under the power of the island of Cebu, and the commodore applied military force. On April 27, 1521 in battle Magellan was killed. The converted to Christianity lord of the island of Cebu invited to itself to a feast of officers of team, there them foully attacked, having killed some tens people. The ships had to sail and go hastily towards the Molukksky archipelago.
After the whole train of adventures the unique ship with the symbolical name "Victoria" under Juan Elkano’s command home returned. So expedition was complete unique in the history of a world morekhodstvo. Ferdinand Magellan though it also could not finish swimming, became history as the first person who has bypassed round the globe. After all it visited the Malay Archipelago, in the beginning having reached there from Europe through the Indian Ocean, and then – across Silent and Atlantic oceans.
There will be no fingers on hands to list the opening made within several years by Fernan Magellan. Here the main:
– the practical testimony of sphericity of Earth is presented;
– existence of the uniform World Ocean is proved;
– the true ratio between a land and waters of the seas and oceans is established, the real sizes of Earth are shown;
– the paradox of change of time is open at travel along parallels that became the basis for introduction of system of time zones and the line of change of dates;
– all coast of South America to the South from La of the Payment is open;
– for the first time America from the South was rounded;
– Patagonian Kordilyera is open;
– the passage, the connencting the Atlantic and Silent oceans bearing his name is found;
– the archipelago Tierra del Fuego is open;
– for the first time the Pacific Ocean is crossed;
– the Mariana Islands are open;
– Philippines are open;
– the family of not flying sea birds – penguins is open.