How Ferdinand Magellan went to the glory? The beginning of a way of
That should be made, that you recognized as great and your name forever became history of mankind? The great seafarer of the XVI century Ferdinand Magellan all the life showed this heavy and mortally dangerous way.
It is considered that young Ferdinand Magellan Istochnik so looked
There was the XV century. Growth of the population of the leading European countries was accompanied by fast development of craft and trade. There was a need for international trade, and generally with the East countries, after all exactly from there to Europe a thin streamlet spices and luxury goods of the Chinese and Arab production arrived.
Exhaustion of gold deposits known and available to Europeans and silver threatened possibilities of stamping of money and demanded access to the new markets of precious metals.
Opening of new maritime routes on the East was promoted by emergence of a new sailing vessel – the caravels, intended for long voyages. In comparison with old vessels of a caravel possessed doubtless advantages – compactness of the ship operated by small crew, it was supplemented with capacious hold and excellent maneuverability. Equipment of the ships by guns, and teams – firearms, promoted safety of long voyages. Besides strongly the cartography and navigation moved ahead.
Everything went to that resolute break in expansion of the manned world known for Europe will be made. At that time Portugal therefore it is not surprising what exactly the first of a train of Great geographical opening fell on a share of her seafarers was the leading sea power in Europe.
In 1488 grandiose break was possible to make Bartolomeu Diash, having rounded the most southern cape of Africa which he called «the cape of storm», and having for the first time in history got to the Indian Ocean from Atlantic. Now this cape is known as the Kind Hope cape.
That year to small Fernan Magellan 8 years were executed. About its early childhood the little is known. One thing is clear, that it was from a notable Portuguese family as in youth was the page at the queen, Zhuan’s II wife.
The Portuguese seamen created real miracles. Vasco da Gama managed to reach in 1498 coast of India. From this point a squadron behind a squadron of the kingdom directed on the East, enriching and the state, and personally the king who represented itself as a peculiar sponsor. The ships in the sea it appeared very much that the competent, trained seamen began not to suffice. Business reached before that for simplification of orientation of the helmsmen who are not knowing where is left, where the right, to the right board of a vessel adhered garlic, and to left onions, and only thus the captain with the skipper could direct. So "hay-straw" is not absolutely Russian invention.
In 1505 for the first time in reports on swimmings of Portuguese there was a mention of Fernan Magellan. He was the supernumerary soldier on one of the squadron ships which task included Kilva’s capture and Mombasa (nowadays large ports in Tanzania and Kenya) which were necessary as intermediate points on a way to India, and then creation of a small outpost in Kannanura (India). Exactly there in fight with the Indian fleet Ferdinand Magellan also caused a stir, than deserved the mention in the report to the monarch of Portugal.
After that Magellan’s name began to be mentioned in increasing frequency. In 1506 he again in India and again participates in battles, this time the Portuguese armada arrived to suppress excitements of local population. And here it already on the island Mozambique where in 1506 participates in island capture, and soon again in India where it will wound twice. Almost at once he participates in fight at Diwu (a small strong point of Portuguese in India) where the ship on which it is, broke through a system of the opponent and boarded the flagman enemy ship, having provided, thus, a victory.
For complete control over India there was a need to seize the southernmost tip of Indochina, the Malay Peninsula. On one of five ships of the Portuguese squadron Magellan and his friend Serran float there.
On September 11, 1509 the Portuguese squadron without any problems entered into Malacca. Signed originally trading contract with the Arabs supervising all trade in the region, in some weeks was broken off by attack of Arabs on Europeans. Attack was absolutely unexpected, it occurred when the most part of teams of Europeans was ashore. In the same place appeared and almost all boats. To this moment on the ships there arrived allegedly for examination a great number of Malayans.
The captain on whom there was Magellan, smelled rat and directed Fernan on the flagship with the prevention of possible attack. Admiral Sikeyra managed to take necessary measures and when the signal about the attack beginning sounded, Portuguese quickly dumped enemies from all vessels and, having chopped off anchors, beat off attack of a suitable enemy flotilla. However, almost all Portuguese seamen who were ashore, were lost, except for several people who escaped thanks to the same Magellan. Fernan swam up to the coast on almost unique boat which was available at the disposal of Portuguese and took away those who could break through to the coast. Among them there was also Serran.
So usual five years’ term of stay of Magellan in India came to the end, and it, having removed the shoulder straps, the next squadron went home. However adventures on it did not end. When the flotilla passed by the Laccadive Islands located near to the Maldivian archipelago, two ships, on one of which there was also Magellan, were wrecked. Teams managed to escape on a small island. Here escaped it was necessary to be divided. The part went behind the help, and the rest was prepared destiny to wait this help. Happened so that on the island from officers there was only one Magellan, all the others departured. The simple sailors who have remained without the administration, lifted revolt, they were afraid that them simply left and anybody will not rescue. Magellan managed to calm team that speaks about his doubtless authority.
Passed ten days, them rescued, but they had to return to India, where Magellan as dismissed from military service, it was compelled to be engaged in commerce. Having earned there solid for those times money, it in 1510 lent 200 крузаду to one of dealers. Then it was very big money, but they to it were not returned, it was compelled to appeal to court and only in 6 years received all sum back.
At this time there was a need for replenishment of a military squadron by the additional vessels necessary for capture of Goa. The vice-king of India of Albuquerque collects council from 16 most authoritative Portuguese being during that moment in India. Their number includes also Magellan.