Richard Feyman – the father of quantum electrodynamics or modern nanotechnologies?
The era the 60th everything is farther from us. In the 60th years the first flight in space was made. First cosmonaut of the world Yury Gagarin, A.Leonov’s first extravehicular activity and first flight of female cosmonaut V. Tereshkova. L.Landau’s who has opened the phenomenon of superfluidity of helium scientific feat, songs of the bard romantic B. Okudzhava, the begun era of Beatles group and many other things.
Richard Feyman, 1984г
What a pity that we grow old not only we, but also our idols. I remember, how I found the lectures of Richard Feyman published in the Soviet Union and forever being engraved in the memory his statement in library of the father that the true logic of our world is a calculation of probabilities. Feyman in the 60th years was the same idol of youth, as today Steve Jobs.
When Feyman started to be engaged in quantum mechanics in the 30th, whether he could think, what today 30 % of gross domestic product of the USA will be made by production which appeared thanks to achievements of quantum mechanics? The most interesting fact of life of Feyman consists that his popular lectures on physics and are today a standard for future scientists studying this science.
When Feyman began career of the scientist and future Nobel winner, in those days occupations by theoretical physics in the USA were considered unproductive and a priority allocated generally for practical researches. The theoretical physics prospered at that time generally in Europe, in particular – in Germany. And Feyman deduced theoretical physics on new unknown heights.
It first of all became famous for the researches in the field of quantum electrodynamics. The theory describing interaction between photons and electrons, quantum electrodynamics (KED), generates infinite sizes in calculations, and nobody knows that with them to do. The solution will be found by Feyman, and it will bring it the Nobel Prize. In the compressed sizes of article it is impossible to stop in detail on all nuances of this research and the theory is difficult for understanding to the ordinary person. But here very few people knows today, what exactly Feyman became the forerunner of modern nanotechnologies.
In December, 1959 Feyman gave lecture under the name «There, below, still there is a lot of place» in Kaltekh (The Californian institute of technology). It is interesting that experts to it not too wanted to risk, so far as concerned reduction of the sizes. Here that Feyman in the performance spoke: «I am not afraid to ask a question of that, we in the future in order could put atoms for our convenience: the real atoms, that are inside. And what properties of materials if we really could have atoms would be how to us will like? I cannot foresee the future, but I do not doubt that if we will supervise an arrangement of microobjects, we will have an access to a wide range of new properties which will allow us to reach much».
And in 1981 Feyman publishes some articles about quantum computers. If decoding of our credit cards can occupy some millions years for the ordinary computer, the quantum computer will cope with it for a fraction of a second. But Feyman had a presentiment of new possibilities and in biology. In three years prior to DNA opening he wrote: «In principle, the physicist can synthesize any molecule which will be drawn by the chemist. The physicist receives instructions, then synthesizes a molecule. But how it does it? It has atoms in the place previously specified by the chemist. Thus we create substance».
In conclusion of article it would be desirable to note that fact that Feyman Chellendzher took the most active part in work of the commission of NASA in investigation of death of a space shuttle. He absolutely precisely specified the cause of accident. It was the last hour of triumph of the scientist. On February 15, 1988 Richard Fillipp Feyman died from cancer.