Who constructed the sugar plant first in Russia? E.I.Blankennagel of
Unlike other ancient economic innovations, which authors it is sometimes difficult to establish, in this case the priority was testified the reskripty by emperor Alexander I. In October, 1803 he signed the decree about granting privileges to major general Blankennagel who has founded in page of Alyabyevo of the Chernsky district of the Tula province «the first sugar plant in Russia».
This Egor Ivanovich Blankennagel (apprx. 1750-1813) – the son of the obrusevshy German who has located in Russia at Ekaterina II, the graduate of artillery military school was a curious figure. Contemporaries characterized it as the known adherent about domestic housekeeping. And on an economic path it put, it is possible to tell, Ekaterina – the decision to send at the end of the 1770th years three-four hundred soldiers for leading of spring water from Yauza to Moscow.
«The water team» was headed by engineer captain Blankennagel. On this work he not only grew in ranks to the major general, the gentleman of an award Sacred George of the 4th degree, but also acquired extensive communications and acquaintances, found organizational, economic and technical experience. Well and, of course, it in any way could not refuse business intuition. And it prompted that production of sugar can become very profitable business.
Then in Russia there were active searches of substitute to an imported reed of which did this sweet product. It cost, naturally, big money and was on a pocket only to men of means. Egor Ivanovich watched closely a course of experiments on import substitution and one of the first visited: inventor Jacob Stepanovich Yesipov (? – 1805) in the manor situated near Moscow for the first time received sugar from a beet, having cleared its juice lime – this method, by the way, is applied and today. Without thinking twice, Blankennagel also drove to it with the offer in common to construct plant: your technology, my money, construction experience and communications – in other words, representation. Hit on hands, and by the beginning of a season of a sakharovareniye of 1802-1803 on the bank of the rivulet Studenets appeared plant on production of sveklovichny sugar. For the first year it made three hundred poods of a sweet product.
In what, and in own communications Egor Ivanovich of the partner did not deceive, punched the imperial decree about privileges to plant. However, Yesipov in it рескрипте it was not mentioned in any way. To blame in volume of the emperor, of course, it is not necessary – hardly he could know about the difficult relations which have developed between partners therefore "appointed" the founder of plant of one Blankennagel. And preferences gave it such that just right to modern businessmen to envy: the 50-thousand returnable loan for 20 years with repayment from treasury of percent in the first 10 years, the right to sell everywhere «at the free prices alcohols manufactured by it to 1000 buckets» and other very essential privileges.
Cooperation of the capital and intelligence came to the end with a rupture of the contract: «Incongruity of our customs forced us to disperse», – about it Yesipov delicately wrote. Jacob Stepanovich, in particular, did not like to attribute aspiration of the partner to itself merits in prosperity of the innovative enterprise. However business already was generally adjusted and Blankennagel could swing profit alone. «This production reached there deliberate degree of perfection», – the professor of the Moscow university chemist Feodor Fedorovich Reys in the book of 1808 of the edition, devoted to plant in Alyabyev wrote. However, the monopolist Egor Ivanovich stayed not for long: in 1810 10 sugar plants in the Tula, Oryol, Ryazan, Tambov, Penza and Kaluga provinces worked.
… In July, 1812 prince Dmitry Mikhaylovich Volkonsky (1769-1835) made in the diary record about a dinner with Blakennagel in club. At the table they spoke «about means противустать to Napoleon’s plans»: Egor Ivanovich as if felt that will cost much to it personally. And it is valid, when burning Moscow the warehouses hammered by production of a sakharozavodchik were lost. Blankennagel did not give a sign that finance it came to frustration – it continued to rotate in the light of, in the spring of 1813 even was elected the foreman of English club. But did not manage to rise to the feet and here still came it is time to return the 50-thousand credit …
Egor Ivanovich died, without having managed to liquidate a debt. The plant in Alyabyev endured it on half a century and burned down in the middle of the 1860th years.