Male and female academics can be categorized along several dimensions. The first section examines academics by field and by the type of higher educa­tion institution in which they worked, followed by the distribution of male and female faculty across tenure status and rank. The term “academic” is used here to denote faculty, which are personnel with teaching or research duties, who are employed at a higher education institution (college or university), and who are further identified as being tenured or on tenure track or as holding the rank of assistant, associate, or full professor.