In this section, we focus on doctoral scientists and engineers who were employed at Research I institutions, consisting of institutions that “offer a full range of baccalaureate programs, are committed to graduate education through the doctorate degree, and give high priority to research. They award 50 or more doctoral degrees each year. In addition, they receive annually at least $40 million or more in federal support.” Using the 1994 Carnegie classification, there are 89 Research I institutions in the United States.[111] The following tables group employed doctoral scientists and engineers by the institutional category they reported in the SDR. There are seven possible institutional categories: Research I, Research II, doctoral-granting, master’s-granting, medical colleges, baccalaureate (4-year institutions), and other (including 2-year institutions). None of the categories overlaps.

As Figure A2-9 shows, the highest percentage of female faculty was found in medical colleges, and the lowest percentage of women was found at Research II institutions. Among the other types of institutions, women tended to make up between 20 and 25 percent of S&E faculty. The percentage of female faculty employed at Research I institutions was growing steadily in 1995-2003.