Individual universities and colleges have often conducted institutional research on salary, climate, or gender equity. One of the more well-known, but certainly not the first, gender equity studies was conducted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1999. In recent years, more and more schools have conducted standalone gender equity reports.[112] Such reports typically col­lect and analyze data from institutional sources, including number of faculty in various departments or schools, disaggregated by gender. Several studies have collected new data by conducting on-campus surveys or focus group meetings on topics such as work/life policies, salary equity, climate, or faculty satisfaction. Interview-based approaches allow for questions to be raised on a wide variety of issues, including perceived treatment of self and colleagues, job satisfaction, and characterization of work activities.