Women were less likely to occupy senior positions in academia than men. Using the SDR, the committee examined rank by comparing the gender of faculty who were assistant, associate, and full professors, by academic discipline sepa­rately. Figure A2-12 shows the following results:

• Women comprised over 50 percent of all full professors in health sci­ences, 20 percent in biological sciences, and 10 percent or less in other fields, with engineering having the lowest proportion of female full professors.

• The percentage of women among full professors appeared to be rising or remaining level in each field.

• Women comprised almost 60 percent of all associate professors in health sciences, approximately 30 percent in biological sciences, and less than 20 percent in other fields, with engineering having the lowest proportion of female associate professors.

• The percentage of women among associate professors appeared to be rising or remaining level in many fields, but not in agricultural sciences and not in the health sciences.

• Women comprised 65 percent of all assistant professors in health sci­ences, 39 percent in biological sciences, between 25 to 27 percent in math­ematics, computer, and physical sciences, with engineering having the lowest proportion of female assistant professors (less than 20 percent).

• The percentage of women among assistant professors appeared to be roughly steady in each field.

This analysis was then repeated, focusing on institution types. Figure A2-13 shows the following results:

• Women comprised about 25 percent of full professors at medical colleges and about 12 percent at Research I institutions.

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• The percentage of women among full professors appeared to be rising or remaining level in each field.

• Women comprised approximately 30 percent of associate professors at medical colleges and at baccalaureate institutions and approximately 24 percent at Research I institutions.

• The percentage of women among associate professors appeared to be rising or remaining level at each type of institution, except at medical colleges, where the trend was less clear.

• Women comprised between 35 and 40 percent of assistant professors at medical colleges. For assistant professors, there were more similarities across institution type. At each institution type, the proportion of women among assistant professors tended to be around 30 to 35 percent, except­ing Research II institutions, which were lower.

• The percentage of women among assistant professors was rising at Research I institutions and at medical colleges but was less clear at other types of institutions.