Professional societies in science and engineering disciplines should:

9. Collect data on the career tracks of their members. This study identi­fied many differences among disciplines that warrant investigation. Why, for example, do biology and chemistry have disproportionately smaller applicant pools of women for faculty positions? (Finding 3-3) And why are women in elec­trical engineering and mathematics more likely than men to receive outside job offers, while the reverse is true for chemistry and physics? (Finding 4-15)

10. Disseminate successful strategies to increase the gender diversity of the applicant pools for tenure-track and tenured faculty positions. Only 10

percent of departments reported relying on three or more strategies for recruit­ment. (Table 3-10)

11. Conduct in-depth surveys of their members at regular intervals on the climate for professional success and the role of mentoring in their disci­pline. (Findings 4-6, 4-7, and 4-12)