This appendix examines prior research on the factors hypothesized to be associated with the proportion of female applicants for faculty positions. The focus is on departmental or institutional characteristics since this study’s survey data contain little information about the individual applicants, apart from their gender. A review of previous research included topics on departmental climate, work-life balance and family-friendly policies, geographic location, departmen­tal prestige, and public versus private institutions. In addition, we examined the relationship between availability of women in the Ph. D. pool and the percentage of female applicants.