Numerous factors have been used in the past to assess the status of male and female faculty in their careers. Characteristics that are often explored, aside from gender, are age, marital and family status, citizenship, field of study, educational experience (including highest degree and doctorate-granting institution), and employment experience (including number and types of previous jobs and char­acteristics of a faculty member’s current position, such as rank or tenure status). The research on a few of these factors is highlighted here.