for the past thirty-five years, I have participated in a movement to cre­ate a usable history of women, one that challenges conventional versions of the past and also speaks to the world around us. The essays in this book document this larger historical enterprise and explore connections between the intellectual task and the political practice of feminism. Compiling this volume has given me new perspectives on the historical questions I have ex­plored, the historical contexts for them, and the personal paths that brought me to both feminism and the study of women’s history.

A decade ago, when someone first suggested that I publish my major ar­ticles, the project seemed premature to me, but the idea took root. When I later mentioned it to Kate Torrey at the University of North Carolina Press, she and Linda Kerber convinced me to pursue it. I am deeply grateful to both of them for helping me shape this volume. In addition to eight reprinted ar­ticles, I have included three new essays: a personal introduction; an overview of my book on feminism, No Turning Back (chapter 5); and a revised version of earlier articles about historical contributions to legal cases (chapter 10). Although the reprinted articles have not been substantially revised, I have made minor corrections and deleted some repetitive passages. For this col­lection, I have added headnotes to provide context for each essay.

In addition to the colleagues and friends I acknowledge in the reprinted articles, I want to thank those who responded to drafts of the original essays. Barbara Allen Babcock, Ricki Boden, Nancy Cott, John D’Emilio, Linda Gordon, Linda Kerber, Susan Krieger, Ilene Levitt, Sue Lynn, Elaine Tyler May, Joanne Meyerowitz, James Mohr, Peggy Pascoe, Renee Romano, Es­ther Rothblum, and Nancy Stoller each improved the quality of my thinking and writing, as did the extremely thorough and helpful anonymous review­ers for the University of North Carolina Press. Paula Wald provided expert copyediting. I am also thankful to Mary Rothschild for the oral history she conducted about my career and to Kathryn Kish Sklar, who made a digital transcript of that interview available to me. The graduate students I have advised have taught me much of what I know about women’s history; one of them, Andrea Davies Henderson, furnished outstanding editorial assistance as I prepared this book. The fellows and staff at the Stanford Humanities

Center during the 2004-5 academic year created an ideal setting for com­pleting this project.

My mother, Martha Freedman, did not live to see this volume, but her spirit continues to infuse my work. I am grateful for her wisdom and wit and for the support of my sister Mickey Zemon and my niece Jenna Moskowitz, who help sustain her legacy. Above all, I thank my partner, Susan Krieger, who for the past twenty-five years has both enabled my best work and en­couraged all of my other passions.