What bears except white and brown happen?
The specific structure of bear family is not limited to brown and polar bears. Also start up it it is not so great, but it is rather picturesque. In this article you learn about the one who after all on "nationality" of kiplingovskiya to Ball, whether there live bears in South America why the big panda is not similar on small and many other things.
Big panda of Sheilalau, commons.wikimedia.org
Let’s begin with the least picturesque look – a black bear, which in North America кличут baribaly. It differs from the brown colleague not too strongly – unless the sizes less, a skin darken, feet are more harmonous than da a muzzle more sharply. Besides, on trees it climbs much more quickly.
Even more the bear Himalaya, or belogrudy loves wood life. On trees he харчуется, hides and even dens in hollows arranges. Climbs dexterously (better than cats, at which eternally problem with descent). It is especially amusing to observe, how it, giving smacking kiss to lips, eats round foliage from the broken-off branch, then a branch for some reason кладёт to itself under the back. Appearance at this bear too the very being remembered – except a white shirtfront on a breast, it is distinguished by a narrow muzzle, a flat forehead and smart large ears.
Mike Bender, commons.wikimedia.org
Guerin Nicolas, commons.wikimedia.org
Tambako The Jaguar, commons.wikimedia.org
Greg Hume, commons.wikimedia.org
скан disk covers
Despite the name – Himalaya, – the area of this bear is much wider than the woods of the Himalayas. It is found from the Amur and Seaside taiga to the jungle of India and Indochina. Not without reason the Soviet animators logically decided to represent hero "Maugli" – Bala – belogrudy bear. Here only Kipling after all meant a bear brown – though it and is not so characteristic for India. The writer specifies it accurately« … by Baloo, the sleepy brown bear …» (« … To ball, sleepy brown bear»).
One more remarkable bear lives in the same India by a nickname губач. It it is extreme лохмат, and shagginess of ears can посостязаться with a poodle. Claws at it huge – and it is not casual. The matter is that губач not so much a wild animal (in habitual understanding), how many the insectivorous. Claws are necessary to it in hunting… on insects and their larvae. Paws the bear breaks rotten trees and termitaries then to a course there is a long muzzle and very mobile naked lips. It extends them in a tubule and begins, as the vacuum cleaner, to soak up all small living creatures (that promoted also by lack of pair of top cutters). Thus the animal sucks so that is audible all around…
In the neighbourhood with the gubachy – on the peninsula of Indochina – there lives a bear Malayan, too the very remarkable. First, it the smallest of bear (length – 110–140 cm, weight – to 65 kg). Secondly, not shaggiest – wool at it short, smooth and brilliant (through it skin folds are shown even). In addition the muzzle of this bear is decorated with an oranzhevaty spot, and a breast – the same oranzhevaty shirtfront. Very "accurate" image is broken by only solid hooked claws necessary for a lasagna on trees.
Bears do not live in Australia, Africa and Antarctica. As much as possible on the South the ochkovy bear – the unique representative of family bear in South America got. By the way, South America – the homeland of a bear cub of Paddington, the hero of the British film with the same name. Here only represented Paddington more similar to a brown bear, rather than on the ochkovy. The Ochkovy bear on that and ochkovy to have white strips round eyes. And here describing Paddington’s way of life, directors nearby left from truth. The Ochkovy bear really lives in nests on trees. Besides, it is very rastitelnoyadny animal. Its main diet – leaves, da’s roots fruits.
However and to an ochkovy bear it is far to the convinced vegetarian – a big panda. It, probably, one of the loveliest animals in the world compete with which "pseudo-bear" – a koala can unless the Australian marsupial. One touched already a coloring of a big panda – it seemed that to a polar bear sewed black paws, ears and points round eyes. Besides, it is one of the animals of a planet most rare and expensive (in a literal sense).
Long time to a panda was possible to hide from civilized mankind in the deaf mountain provinces of China. While in 1869 to the French missionary and the naturalist Jean-Pierre Armand David did not sell in China a skin of a surprising animal which locals called "beat-shungom" (polar bear). First the skin seemed a fake sewed from black-and-white rags. However soon it was possible to get whole (though the killed) "beat-shunga".
However, on it scientific disputes did not end. Scientists reflected – to carry a new look to what family and how to call? At first it nicknamed a giant panda. However, having gone deep into skeleton studying, found much similar to other small animal – a small panda. Though outwardly giant panda did not resemble it at all, it urgently renamed into a big panda and brought in family of the enotovy. In the Soviet books (up to the beginning of the 1990th) both pandas long were considered as relatives while scientists did not change the mind and decided that bear lines at a big panda after all more than enotovy.
The first live big panda was caught in 1916, but soon died. Only in 1936 American модельерше Ruth Harknesa managed to grant desire of the late husband zoologist and safely to deliver in San Francisco a samochka of a panda which called SU Ling («a small slice of huge value»).
In the late fifties two pandas males appeared and in the Moscow zoo: at first – Pin-Pin, then – An-An. The problem of cultivation of rare species in bondage always was sharp. Therefore in 1966 Englishmen suggested to "marry" the samochka of Chi-Chi and ours An-Ania. Unexpectedly it appeared that lovely pandas are very choosy in a choice of the partner. Chi-Chi carried to Moscow, then An-Ania carried to London, but "love" between pandas did not happen (moreover – business reached fights).
And here in the Beijing zoo everything developed differently. In 1963 the first there was born пандёныш, and a year later – one more…
To watch pandas from outside – continuous pleasure, after all at heart they are born circus actors: that on the head will rise, кувыркнутся, рассядутся, having leaned a back and having leaned the elbows about a stone that your father in a chair. Speak, in the nature they quite often escape from enemies too in quite entertaining way – close paws of an eye and head over heels roll down from the mountain.
However, with age big pandas lose playfulness and turn into sluggish idlers. Actually, therefore the name of a known animated cartoon «A kung fu a panda» initially comprised a known share of irony and sounded the same as "Hare athlete".
It is known that the vegetative food is less nutritious, than animal therefore, to satisfy requirements of the 100-140-kilogram ink, the big panda should give to food almost half-day. By the way, unlike others bear, at pandas the motility of paws that allows to manipulate dexterously with a bamboo stalk is well developed.
After the Second World War China declared habitats "beat-shungov" reserved, and then at all forbade export of these animals from the country. Not without reason this rare and nice animal became a symbol of the World fund of the wild nature.