Who free of charge works at your bed?
To everyone who by the sweat of the brow cultivates the kitchen garden, probably, pleasantly would be to remember that it has a great number of secret assistants. To see them, it is necessary to take a shovel, to get up courage and deeply to dig. Most likely, to you will carry, and they will appear on a place. On pair of seconds they will stand in perplexity and indignation, and then will start to creep away quickly. Yes, it is a question of volunteers of your bed – earthworms!
Many people have disgust earthworms. Them much in panic are afraid. And after all is not present at a worm sharp teeth, a poisonous sting. And it is possible to call them "monsters" only in one sense, in good. They tireless, simply monstrous "workaholics". Incessantly loosening-digging over soil, they supply plants with a food and provide access of oxygen to roots.
Why worms loosen the soil? They so live and are fed. Constantly passing through the digestive path the semi-decayed vegetative remains, worms together with microorganisms participate in formation of a humus – a fertile layer of the earth. Still Charles Darvin noted doubtless importance of this incessant titanic work. For some years the lump of an arable land mixes completely up, trains and fertilized by earthworms.
So, if on your bed there are a lot of worms, plants from it only will win. Except the vegetative remains, worms absorb and successfully digest disputes of mushrooms harmful to plants, bacteria, even elementary (nematodes). Thus a worm – not only the supporter and an aerator, but also the hospital attendant.
Processed by enzymes in a digestive path of a worm, the vegetative remains "will much quicker ripen" in compost. Besides, they will be enriched with elements of intestinal flora of a live organism. «On an exit» extremely valuable product which is acquired willingly by plants turns out. Think, people did not learn to use this car for production of fertilizers? Use with might and main.
In America by selection the special species of worms which differs the increased ability to organic chemistry processing was deduced. It called «a red Californian worm». The Russian works in this direction gave us special "elite" breed – the Vladimir gold prospector. All biological processes – growth, a food, reproduction – occur at these worms the accelerated rates. Respectively, and "productivity" is higher. Laziness to read? Then listen!
Yury Beringov reads
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Cultivation of "thoroughbred" worms for the purpose of receiving fertilizers call a vermikultivirovaniye. The section of a biological science studying an earthworm – a vermikologiya. «Vermis» in Latin means "worm". And word "vermicelli"?. Yes, it occurs from «Vermis». Here what useful things are united by this word!
And at last some interesting facts from life of earthworms, and also council how to make your bed an ideal habitat for them.
How the soft worm digs the firm earth? If the earth friable, it pushes forward a firm pharyngeal bag and chisels through them a course. If the earth too dense and firm – breaks off and swallows slices.
Earthworms – hermaphrodites. Bodies of reproduction are located at them on the head, from a paunch. For reproduction two are necessary. Оплодотворя each other, they will postpone then two layings of eggs.
How earthworms fertilize the soil? They do not like to eat the semi-decayed vegetative particles on a surface and consequently wear out the dinner, is deep in a mink. Thus the soil is sated with organic chemistry.
Worms do not love deep digging up and pesticides. It is useful to leave also for the winter a quantity of the plants not chosen from the earth. In this case at kind assistants will be in a subsoil of your bed and a table, and the house. Be sure – they will thank for it a storitsa!