ITEM 94 percent of occupational deaths occur to men.5

ITEM The United States has a worker death rate three to four times higher than Japan’s.6 If the U. S. had the same rate, we would save the lives of approximately 6.000 men and 400 women each year.7

•The rwenry-hfth job, the one job with about half women, was professional dancing, which, like professional football, doubtless earned low ranking due to the combination of poor job security, poor k>ng4erm outlook, high injury rate, and high stress level.

ITEM The United States has only one job safety inspector for every six fish and game inspectors.*

ITEM Work safety is yet to become a course requirement for even one MBA program in the United States.*

ITEM Every workday hour, one construction worker in the United States loses his life.10

ITEM The more hazardous the job. the greater the percentage of men. Some examples 11

Hazardous occupations

Fire fighting

99% male


98% male

Trucking (heavy)

98% male


98% male

Coal mining

97% male

Safe occupations


99% female


97% female

One reason the jobs men hold pay more is because they are more hazardous. The additional pay might be called the “death profession bonus." And within a given death profession, the more dangerous the assignment, the more likely it is to be assigned to a man.12

Both sexes contribute to the invisible barriers that both sexes experience. Just as the glass ceiling describes the invisible barrier that keeps women out of jobs with the most pay, the glass cellar describes the invisible barrier that keeps men in jobs with the most hazards.

Members of the glass cellar are all around us. Bvjt because they are our second-choice men, we make them invisible. (We hear women say, "I met this doctor…" not "I met this garbageman. . . ”)