Despite formal regulations prohibiting sexual harassment, its contin­uing high levels of occurrence may be one of the military’s most open

secrets based on public revelations of specific episodes and survey data collected from military personnel (Schmitt, 1993; Wilds, 1990). In 1990 the majority of military women questioned reported to investigators from the Department of Defense that they had experienced sexual harassment (Kantrowitz & Alder 1991).