When a man tries to apply his gender ideology to the situations that face him in real life, unconsciously or not he pursues a gen­der strategy.2 He outlines a course of action. He might become a “superdad”—working long hours and keeping his child up late at night to spend time with him or her. Or he might cut back his hours at work. Or he might scale back housework and spend less time with his children. Or he might actively try to share the sec­ond shift. •

The term ‘strategy” refers both to his plan of action and to his emotional preparations for pursuing it. For example, he may re­quire himself to suppress his career ambitions to devote himself more to his children, or suppress his responsiveness to his chil­drens appeals in the course of steeling himself for the struggle at work. He might harden himself to his wife’s appeals, or he might be the one in the family who “lets” himself see when a child is call­ing out for help.

In the families I am about to describe, then, I have tried to be sensitive to the fractures in gender ideology, the conflicts between what a person thinks he or she ought to feel and what he or she does feel, and to the emotional work it takes to fit a gender ideal when inner needs or outer conditions make it hard.

As this social revolution proceeds, the problems of the two-job family will not diminish. If anything, as more couples work two jobs these problems will increase. If we can’t return to traditional marriage, and if we are not to despair of marriage altogether, it be­comes vitally important to understand marriage as a magnet for the strains of the stalled revolution, and to understand gender strategies as the basic dynamic of marriage.